A halt in production led by employers that hinders employees from working. A lockout is not to be misunderstood as a strike, which refers to the refusal of work by employees themselves. Employers utilize lockouts in the efforts of making it difficult for labor unions to organize an influential strike. These lockouts would end strikes that would have hampered the work of non-striking workers. In addition, lockouts are utilized as a tool for pressuring workers into agreeing with certain unfavorable company terms. In many U.S. states, unemployment benefits are offered for employees who are locked out.

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